animals is a disease that occurs when animals become infected by
salmonella bacteria. The disease has the potential to spread
easily from animal to animal and all animals, both wild and
a domestic, are at risk.
many different types of bacteria associated with salmonella.
Some strains attach the intestinal tract causing severe
diarrhea and potentially
life-threatening dehydration and electrolyte imbalances while
others tend to target joints etc. Some strains of Salmonella
have the potential to cause abortions.
develop salmonella infections when their immune systems are
low. For example, calves that do not receive adequate
colostrum and animals suffering from stress are at risk from
salmonella bacteria. Some
animals are carriers of the disease and generally, carrier
animals cannot be cured with antibiotics or other drugs.
Carrier animals spread
the bacteria in their manure and other discharges.
Contaminated footwear, clothing, vehicle tires, feed and
water containers and other equipment are all capable of
spreading the disease.
as opposed to treatment is critical and involves:
Keeping pens, corrals, feeding and watering areas clean.
Keeping natural resistance high
Providing a low stress environment.
Minimizing exposure to infectious organisms.
Cleaning and disinfecting calving pens after each use.
Keeping the newborn calves in a clean environment for a
minimum of 12 hours.
The diagnosis of
salmonellosis in a living animal is difficult because many
other organisms besides Salmonella cause symptoms of
diarrhea and pneumonia. Consult a veterinarian if
salmonellosis is suspected.
Sick animals should be
isolated to prevent the disease from spreading and reduce
potential contamination of the general area. Infected calves
should be isolated from pregnant cows as a precaution to
pathogenic bacteria and accelerate the natural decomposition
of the organic wastes, manure and
bedding should be removed from pens and corrals and treated
treated with CBPA.
Pens and corrals
should then be treated with CBPA.
pails, waterers, etc. should be thoroughly cleaned of all
manure, debris, etc. and treated with CPBA.
Carcasses should be
treated with CBPA
to suppress pathogenic bacteria and ensure optimum